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Crop rotation fallow new impetus for green development of agriculture and achieved remarkable results.
In September 8th, the Information Office of the Ministry of Agriculture held a news conference on the progress of "farmland rotation and fallow system pilot". Zeng Yande, Director of the Planting Department of the Ministry of Hydraulic turnover plough income can not be reduced supervision can not be less
Speaking about whether the development of cropland rotation will affect farmers'income, Zeng Yande said that in order to make farmers willing to carry out cropland rotation, we must ensure that their income does not decrease. In this regard, this year the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Finance will consolidate part of the project funds to support the development of cropland rotation system around the pilot. First, increase the scale of funds. The central government allocated 2 billion 560 million yuan of funds, including 1 billion 500 million yuan for rotation and 1 billion 60 million yuan for fallow. Appropriate subsidies shall be given to the original crop income and land management and protection input of farmers who undertake the task of rotation and fallow. The two is to determine the subsidy standard reasonably. In the implementation scheme, the subsidy per mu is 150 yuan for rotation; in the area of groundwater funnel in Hebei Province and the ecologically degraded areas in Northwest and southwest China, the subsidy per mu for one season is 500 yuan for fallow and 800 yuan per mu for two seasons for heavy metal contaminated areas in Hunan Province. The three is innovative subsidy. The central finance allocates the subsidies to the provinces, and distributes the subsidies to the counties through the overall arrangement of the provinces, which are organized and implemented by the counties and townships. At the same time, under the condition that the average subsidy level remains unchanged, according to the experimental objectives and the actual needs of the work, the evaluation criteria and system for the effect of the implementation of crop rotation and fallow should be established. The evaluation results should be taken as an important basis, and the subsidy distribution system with basic guarantee and substantial effect should be implemented. In addition, local governments are encouraged to combine the pilot projects of cropland rotation system with the construction of agricultural demonstration zones, green high-yield and high-efficiency zones, the construction of poverty-relief counties at the national level and the demonstration zones of sustainable agricultural development in combination with the construction of key national projects, so as to improve the policy effectiveness of the pilot projects of cropland rotation system through the integration of projects and the intensification of funds. Apply the effect.
In response to the question of how to ensure the implementation of the rotation system, Zeng Yande emphasized that it was absolutely impossible to take subsidies without rotation. This requires innovation in the way of work: first, work supervision. This is a routine way of supervision. In the key agricultural season, supervisory teams are organized to carry out supervision in the key areas of the pilot provinces to check whether the area has been implemented and whether the funds have been implemented. The two is remote sensing monitoring. This is an exploration of monitoring by means of information technology. Through satellite remote sensing technology to track and monitor the pilot area, timely grasp the implementation of the task of rotation and fallow, to provide an objective basis for monitoring the pilot work. The three is the third party assessment. This is a more objective and fair evaluation method. We should explore the establishment of a third-party evaluation mechanism, entrust intermediary agencies to carry out evaluation around economic, social and ecological benefits, and make authoritative evaluation of the experimental farmland rotation system. The four is soil fertility monitoring. This is an important indicator of the implementation effect of the rotation fallow system. The Ministry of Agriculture has formulated the "Program for Monitoring the Quality of Cultivated Land in Pilot Rotation and Farming Areas". Monitoring sites are arranged in the pilot areas to monitor the quality of cultivated land and soil fertility changes, providing data support for objective evaluation of the effect of rotation and fallow.